Did Neanderthals Go to War With Our Ancestors?
Nicholas R. Longrich: Neanderthals fascinate us because of what they tell us about ourselves — who we were, and who we might have become. It’s tempting to see them in idyllic terms, living peacefully with nature and each other. If so, maybe humanity’s ills — especially our territoriality, violence, wars — aren’t innate, but modern inventions. Biology and palaeontology, however, paint a darker picture. Far from peaceful, Neanderthals were likely skilled fighters and dangerous warriors, rivalled only by modern humans.