Scientist Unearthed Earliest Evidence of Humans in Europe

In the papers, scientists describe human remains, including one tooth, collected at Bacho Kiro Cave in central Bulgaria. Among the remains, scientists also found ornaments including two pierced bear tooth pendants, as well as other tools and fragments of hunted animals. The team approximates that the findings date from between 46,940 and 42,616 years ago. That period represents the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition. This is when Neanderthals began to die off, only to be replaced by humans. It’s likely these bones belonged to some of the first anatomically modern humans in Europe. The fact that they were also found with ornaments displays an ancient example of the intermixing of human and Neanderthal culture. Taken together, this suggests anatomically modern humans and Neanderthals had ample amounts of time to interact, which is a confirmation of previous thinking about the two groups, but also might be a factor in their mutual enrichment.

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